A miscarriage is a medical condition whereby a mother’s pregnancy is terminated spontaneously even before the fetus is old enough to survive. In most cases, miscarriages occur slightly before the 20th pregnancy week. In the medical fraternity, a miscarriage is best known as spontaneous abortion of the fetus.A medical research by WHO has indicated that at least 15% of all unrecognized pregnancies usually end up in miscarriages around the 13th week in pregnancy.
Information About Miscarriages
The exact causes of miscarriage have not been positively identified. However, medical officers and gynecologists attribute chromosomal abnormalities in babies to be responsible for more than 50% of all miscarriages that occur within the first trimester of pregnancy. The abnormalities are usually as a result of gene mutations in babies. Gene mutations are the primary determinants of the baby’s attributes such as sex, hair color and blood group, among other attributes. Chromosomal abnormalities are independent in that the parents’ health does not determine them.
1. Overexposure to toxic agents and radiations in the workplace and within the environment. The overexposure of these conditions to a pregnant mother causes miscarriages.
2. Uterine abnormalities in the mother tend to trigger miscarriages especially within the first weeks of pregnancy.
3. Incompetence in the cervix whereby it begins to open up and widen months before the baby’s due date. These abnormalities occur in the absence of labor pains.
4. Bad lifestyle habits such as smoking and alcohol consumption by pregnant mothers trigger miscarriages in particular instances.
5. Lupus disorders in the mother’s immune system are also known to be triggers of miscarriages, especially those that occur late in the pregnancy.
6. Other medical conditions such as diabetes and some types of cancers in the mothers are also known to lead to miscarriages.
Symptoms of miscarriages mainly occur in the mother’s reproductive systems. Heavy bleeding through the cervix in pregnant women is the most common symptom of miscarriages. In addition to bleeding, pregnant mothers also experience a lot of cramps that are usually very severe and painful. The cramps are at times coupled with abdominal pains in pregnant mothers. Pregnant mothers also experience an unusual body weakness which cannot be improved by multivitamins. Also, it is possible for the expectant mothers to experience frequent sharp back pains.
Treatment of miscarriages can only be achieved at the very earliest stages before the fetus gets its way out of the mother’s uterus. However, in situations whereby the condition is noted early enough, doctors usually perform pelvic exams, and ultrasound tests to positively confirm miscarriages. In instances where the fetus and part of the placenta tissues are out of the mother’s uterus, doctors usually administer medication which helps with the remaining parts of the placenta being removed from the uterus.